Articles, Blog

Will We Survive Mars? – Glad You Asked S1 (E1)

October 19, 2019

( music playing )– Uh-oh.
– Ow, ow, ow, ow. The pain. Ready? Ah! We’re in the middle of an ancient lake basin, that scientists think is one of the most
Martian places on Earth. And we’re stuck.We’re stuck here
because I had a question.
NASA says the first humanswill set foot on Mars
in the mid-2030s.
It will be the most
dangerous mission
any human has ever taken.My question is,
what comes after that?
Mars!Not how do we get there,but how do we survive,
once we do?
( music playing )Okay, here we go. We’ve been dreaming about Mars
for hundreds of years. In the 1870s, Italian astronomer
Giovanni Schiaparelli mapped channels
he saw on Mars. In Italian, channels
are“canale.”The word was mistranslated
into English as “canals,” implying deliberate
construction and flowing water. Other scientists published
their own maps, feeding this obsession
with the idea that Mars could be
a lot like Earth. People were skeptical, but they
sort of wanted it to be true. It became a public obsession. The L.A. Times ran
this piece in 1907. And I just love this headline
in the New York Times. They’re just
reporting on this stuff as though there
are Martians. This article includes
a bit of reasoning. People just want to believe.The movies they made
in the early 1900s
depict a Mars that’s
not just habitable,
but inviting.1918–
this is a silent film.A couple of guys get to Mars
and, oh, surprise–
they find a ton
of beautiful women.
They don’t hate it.1930.
– So this is Mars! We got a spot
like this three miles
from my hometown.1952.Look at the canals.This isn’t so different
than sci-fi today.
But without any real
pictures of Mars,
there was still this
sense of possibility.
Maybe, just maybe, Mars would be
something like home. And then this happens. In 1965,
and then again in 1969, NASA sent spacecraft
to fly by Mars and send back
scientific measurements and close-up photographs. But the pictures of Mars showed a world
of total desolation. There were no canals, no cities, no areas
of cultivation. No possibility of life. I can’t imagine
how devastating that must have been. I’ve only ever
lived in a time when we had pictures of Mars. Those images
were concrete proof that Mars wasn’t going to be
the second home that some kind of
still hoped for. But we never stopped obsessing
about life on Mars. ♪ Is there life on Mars? ♪ That YouTube clip,
David Bowie’s music video
for “Life On Mars,” had its highest view-day when Mars was visible
in the night sky in January 2019. We’re still looking up
at the Red Planet and wondering
about life surviving there. So let me show you what we
actually now know about Mars.( music playing )We’re about to head out
into that desert, because we’re accompanying
astrobiologist Kennda Lynch as she does research
into extremophiles, which are microbial life
that live in, well, extreme environments
like this one. And we’re going to ride
those ATVs, and I’ve never
ridden one before. – Uh-oh.
– Yeah, we’re going to
have to stop. – Nah, he’s stuck. Yep.
– We’ll get out. Cleo:
Since we’re stuck,
I’m going to tell you a little bit
about where we are. This place is one of the
closest analogs that we have to the type of environment
that Mars used to have. Mars was once a wet planet. It had liquid water
on its surface. When all that water
went away, Mars still had
an abundance of groundwater
that stayed liquid, and we still think
it might be there in the deep subsurface today–
very, very deep. So this is a good model
for us to understand how life would’ve
survived in this kind
of environment on Mars. – Cleo:
It certainly looks Martian.
– Yeah. Hey, Camille,
you want to get
some gloves on? – We’re going to do some
science here.
– All right. So we’re just going to go ahead
and take a nice surface core so we can actually
do some really heavy
DNA extraction and look at who’s
living in these sediments
and what they’re eating. And what is it about
the microbes that are
living in these sediments and what they’re eating
that makes it useful for, potentially,
humans to survive
on a place like Mars? Well, if we can understand
how life survives on Mars, then we can understand
how better to survive ourself. We’re trying to study
these microbes called
perchlorate reducers. On this perchlorate,
it’s a chlorine molecule surrounded by
four oxygen molecules. It’s toxic to humans,
and Mars has a lot
of perchlorate. The number one thing
we want to use on Mars
is water on Mars, and perchlorate likes to go
wherever there’s water. So we’re going to
have to figure out how
to get the perchlorate out of the water
if we want to use that water. It would help us
to learn how microbes
can kind of mitigate things like perchlorate,
and maybe we can use that
knowledge to help us detox the resources
that we want to pull out and use
from the Mars environment. We want to live within
the environment of Mars. We want to utilize resources
on Mars to help us live, because we can’t take
everything we need with us.Okay, so Kennda’s
research will help us
use Martian materials
to survive on Mars.
But the soil
isn’t the first thing
that would kill us
when we get there.
Hey. Ooh. This is Mars today. It’s about half
the size of Earth. But it has all of the basics that we think are necessary
to support life. It has an energy source
from sunlight, water, it has ice on the poles. And it has a few
key elements– carbon, nitrogen,
hydrogen, oxygen. But for us, there’s
a slightly crucial piece
that’s missing. Mars’ atmosphere
is about one percent
as dense as Earth’s, meaning that if you stood
on the surface of Mars, the pressure exerted
on you by the atmosphere
would be very low. Now, that might
not sound so bad,
but it’s a big problem. This is the boiling
point of water as a function of
atmospheric pressure. Okay, so the more pressure, – the higher the boiling point.
– Exactly. Earth is here. – Joss: Water boils at
212 degrees Fahrenheit.
– Correct. – And that’s at sea level.
– At sea level. That works out great for us because our resting
body temperature is about 98.6 degrees – Joss: I know that from
a gum commercial.
– ( Cleo laughs ) This gap keeps us alive. – Mars is here.
– Whoa! What this is telling us
is that because
the temperature at which water boils on Mars is significantly lower than
our average body temperature, if you stood on Mars,
the water inside of your body would just start to
spontaneously boil
inside of you. – Oh, no!
– Which sounds like a really
painful way to die. That’s why you need
a suit, right? That’s why you need a suit. The next thing
that’s going to kill you
is the air itself, because there’s not enough
oxygen for you to breathe. And if you didn’t suffocate,
you’d freeze. Mars is really cold. The average temperature on Mars is -81 degrees Fahrenheit. Oh, jeez. So you’re freezing,
but your blood’s boiling and you can’t breathe. – Yes. Exactly.
– Cool. – Cool.
– Let’s do it. Short-term survival
in these conditions is a tough
engineering problem, but NASA’s pretty convinced
that we can do it. Basically, they say that
we can protect ourselves as long as we live
in enclosed environments and only go outside
in space suits, kind of like in
the movie “The Martian.” You gotta science
the ( bleep ) out of it. There’s a lot of
radiation on Mars, and one of the theories is
that we could protect ourselves – by living underground.
– Does radiation go
through the domes? – Ideally, not.
– Okay.I asked NASA scientist
Chris McKay
about our chances
for short-term survival.
Really nice to meet you.
Thanks for taking the time. – I’ll just dive right in.
– Yeah, please. How do we know that
we can do the short-term
survival on Mars? We’ve done experiments
on space station where we’ve put astronauts
in space for a year, which is roughly the time
it takes to get to Mars. So, we’re not at
the hundred percent
confidence level, but we’re pretty sure that
we could tough it out, send a crew to Mars. They could survive
the long trip. They’d be functional
on the surface for
some period of time. It wouldn’t
necessarily be easy,
but it would be doable. We think all the pieces
as we understand are in place. It turns out
the thornier question
isn’t what happens after we land
and plant the flag, but how we as humans
would consider long-term survival
on a planet like Mars.And a few scientists
have a pretty out-there idea
about how to do that.There’s too little oxygen,
no liquid water, and too much
ultraviolet light. But all that could be solved if we could make more air. Transforming the Martian
environment itself, terraforming Mars. Eventually,
you could transform Mars. into an Earth-like planet. – Just warm it up.
– With a blanket or with what? There’s the fast way
and the slow way.Carl Sagan, Robert Zubrin,
and Elon Musk
are the three
most prominent figures
who think we can survive
on a barren planet like Mars
by changing it into
something more like Earth–
terraforming it.
Proponents of this idea
say it’s a three-step process. Step one,
create the magnetosphere. Every day, we should all
thank the huge magnetic fields
that surround Earth. They make up
the Earth’s magnetosphere, which is what stops deadly
particle blasts from the sun, innocuously called
solar winds, from ripping away
our atmosphere. Mars doesn’t
have a magnetosphere, which is one reason why
its atmosphere is so thin. But scientists at NASA think there might be a way
to create one. You could put a satellite
that produces a very strong magnetic field
between Mars and the sun so it protects the Martian
atmosphere behind it. Step two,
build the atmosphere. By adding carbon dioxide
into the atmosphere, you could warm up the planet
by trapping infrared light, just like carbon dioxide
is doing in our atmosphere
here on Earth. The question is where
those extra greenhouse gases
would come from. Well, there’s
some carbon dioxide trapped in the ground
and the polar ice caps on Mars. What Elon Musk means
by “the fast way” is to drop nuclear weapons
just above the pole on Mars. But other experts
don’t believe there’s enough carbon dioxide trapped there
for that to work. So, “the slow way,” proposed by
people like Robert Zubrin, is to build factories
that release artificial
greenhouse gases to cause the same
warming effect. Step three,
release the bacteria. Once we have magnetic fields
and C02 in the atmosphere, we could release bacteria
that absorb some of the nutrients
that are on Mars and release oxygen
into the atmosphere. We already know
this step would work. This is how
large amounts of oxygen got into Earth’s atmosphere
billions of years ago. Then we wait somewhere between a few hundred
and a few thousand years. I’ve been studying
terraforming for
quite some time. I think it’s a very
interesting idea. We know how
to warm up planets. We’re doing it on Earth. The physics
turns out to be easy. That’s a surprise
to most people, and it was a surprise to me
when I first worked it out. “Wow, we actually
can warm up Mars.” That’s the good news. The bad news
is we’re not sure that there’s enough stuff
on Mars to make a plan. We have to go to Mars
and find out. Is there enough C02?
Is there enough water? Is there enough nitrogen
to create a biosphere? How do you feel about
the idea of terraforming? Um… ( chuckles ) It’s an interesting
idea in theory, but in reality,
I think we’re several, several, several
generations away from dynamically changing
an entire planet.Just because life surviving
on Mars is possible,
doesn’t mean
it’s going to be easy.
Because especially
with humans
things can always go wrong.( all shouting )( music playing )– What’s up, Cleo?
– Hello. – Where are you?
– Can you see it? Christophe: Oh, wow!
That’s incredible! – That’s the Biosphere?
– That’s the Biosphere. – Now I gotta go inside.
– Okay, you gotta– Bye, Christophe!I’ve enlisted Christophe
to explain why we’re here.
From 1984 to 1991,
this billionaire, Ed Bass,spent about $150 million
on creating this facility
that would kind of act
as a proof of concept
for a self-sustaining
habitat on Mars.
Margaret Augustine:
If you’re going to consider
a colony on Mars,
you need to have
a total life-system,and that’s what the Biosphere 2
project is all about.
( wind blowing ) This is how they circulate and condition the air
in the facility. Christophe:
They called it Biosphere 2.
Biosphere 1 is Earth. Newscaster:
Four men and four women,
so-called “biospherians,”to be sealed inside
for the next two years.
Bon voyage!
Fly your spaceship well. Once they were inside,
it seems like a million
things went wrong.They ran out of food.
They ran out of oxygen.
The press was calling
this a disaster.
One of the women,
Jane Poynter, actually had to leave
and then come backbecause she cut off
the top of her finger.
Cleo’s about to go
talk to her.
The thing that I think
is most important
about Biosphere, is not the technology
that they came up with. It’s not, um, you know,
exactly what they ate. It’s the things that
the biospherians needed that weren’t food and air and the stuff that we already
assume that we need. So we’re going
to go talk to them about what their experience
was like at Biosphere and why they’ve kept
this mission their whole lives. Let’s air ourselves out. Every time
we record on camera, we have to turn
the air-conditioning off, and it’s so hot. Jesus! “Please enter.” – Hello! Nice to meet you.
– Hi, how are you? I’m Jane. – How are you? I’m Cleo.
– Hi. Cleo:Jane Poynter
and Taber MacCallum
are two of the original
eight biospherians.
And after they left Biosphere,
they kept this mission
to help people get to
and survive on Mars.
We made thousands
of thousands of small
Biospheres about this big. Taber: When we figured out
how to make these little
ecosystems stable, which was a lot of what
we learned from Biosphere 2, we sent little systems
to the Mir Space Station and we bred
the first animals, those little aquatic animals, through a complete
life-cycle in space. When I went into the Biosphere,
I was very naive. And I thought– my experience
to that point had shown me that when you
put a small group
of people together, in a fairly difficult
environment, they pull together, and I thought that’s what
we were going to do. No, not so much. Taber:
There we are… – There we are,
except not quite.
– …in our world. Jane: These aren’t
the fancy suits, though. – Oh, they aren’t
the fancy suits?
– No, no, no. These are
the pre-fancy suits. Oh, these are the jumpsuits. Jane:It turns out
that there’s a whole branch
of psychology that NASA
has done a lot of work in
called isolated and confined
environment psychology.
And we were a textbook case
of what not to do.One of the worst things
you can do
is have a team of eight.The reason is because
it breaks down
into factions
of four and four
which are extremely stable.And that’s exactly
what we did.

You know, it’s really–it’s really hard
to describe to somebody what is that experience of living in
an isolated environment. So, part of the training is simply to deal
with your personal baggage so it doesn’t become
how you interact with your other
crew members, right? So that was what you
start to see happening, was you start projecting,
you know, that’s my sister,
my brother, whatever,
onto all these– and the interactions go crazy because you’re carrying
this stuff in your head. Cleo:Biosphere 2 wasn’t
the only experiment
that locked people in and
taught us about human behavior.
There was one in Hawaii
called High Seas,
one in Utah called The Mars
Desert Research Station,
one in Russia called Mars 500.But those experiments
were much smaller
and people stayed there for
much shorter periods of time.
– I interviewed
Chris McKay at NASA.
– Oh, yeah, for sure. And he told me Biosphere 2
is one of the most ambitious
projects of its kind. – Yeah.
– And he said there hasn’t been anything done
like it since. – It’s true.
– Why do you think that is? You have to think
really long-termbefore you need a biosphere.Taber:
Yeah, we didn’t really
have problems for six months.But after about six months
you’re like,
“I’m only a quarter
of the way through this?”
That’s just going
to Mars and back fast
in two years, right?So, I’m afraid
we’re lulling ourselves
into thinking that
this isn’t such a big deal
when the human psychology of it
and getting that right and getting that team
to work right is really,
really important. Cleo:Surviving on Mars is going
to have to mean figuring out
how to meet all
of those human needs.
After all, it’s the hardest,
longest, most ambitious trip our species has ever taken. And it turns out that NASA
is actually paying attention
to our psychological needs just like
they’re paying attention
to our physical needs, and that’s because
they have to. They’ve noticed the same
psychological problems in some astronauts
that the biospherians noticed when they were inside
their airtight facility. So I’m going to
play you this clip. This is astronaut
Henry Hartsfield describing
an experience in space in a 2001 interview. So, did you–
did you hear what he said? He was going to
open the hatch. Well, he was just
obsessed with the fact – that one could
open the hatch, right?
– Yeah. It’s kind of like the feeling if you’re standing
on a subway platform and you’re like,
“I could push this person.” – Yeah.
– I never have that feeling. Oh, I think about that
all the time. Or being the person pushed.
I think about that. In 2001,
which is the same year
as that interview, NASA and Russian NASA,
which is called Roscosmos, came up with this enormous
medical checklist for what to do
in various crises in space. And it turns out–
actually, do you have
the highlighter? – Yes.
– It turns out that psychosis is the second one
on the list. Oh, wow. Behavioral acute
psychosis emergency. This is page one of three. “Restrain patient using
gray tape around wrists, – ankles, and using a bungee
around the torso.”
– Whoa! – Yeah. Yeah.
– That’s intense. That’s full, like,
kidnapping protocol. Full kidnapping. “Administer 10 mg
of Haldol orally.” So, Haldol is
a potent tranquilizer. And the thing that I find
so interesting about this isn’t exactly what you do, but the fact that they
find this so important in the first place. And that really surprised me. I went to Utah and I learned about how toxins
in the soil are something we’re going to need
to figure out if we want
to survive on Mars. I talked to Joss
and we talked about how your blood
is going to boil if you stand
on the surface of Mars. And now I find out
that actually the thing that might be
most dangerous to us is just ourselves
on a mission like this. But at the same time,
even though I learned
all of that, I also learned that
there are possible solutions to every single one, and I think that’s
a pretty good reason to try. Chris:
Humans will go to Mars.
Humans will explore Mars.
That much we already know.Whether we will stay there
on the long-term
is a question that
we have to answer by trying.
Cleo:And by trying
to go to Mars,
we could have a role to play
in a mission for survival
that’s much, much bigger
than just us. Chris:
If you look at the universe,
the thing that looks likeit could be basis of valueand goodness
in the universe is life.
It’s the most amazing
phenomenon we know.
We’re the only species
within that domain of life
that can comprehend the concept
of planets in space, so maybe we have
a role to play. Kennda:
We all eventually do want
humans to get to Mars.
I see everything that
we’re doing now as preparing
for humans to get there. That’s almost the essence
of life, is to spread
to new habitats. So, it seems like
we’re just doing what
we’re supposed to do. Cleo:
And when it comes to Mars,
at least as far as we know, we’re the only
species that can.( music playing )Here we go. – Man: You getting hot?
– Yeah. – Oh, no!
– Oh, let’s go! Go, go, go, go, go. – Okay.
– All right. – Let’s get–
– Yeah! We’re going to probably– We were not meant
to survive out here, but we did. We did it.

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  • Reply Vox October 8, 2019 at 9:53 pm

    Hello! We saw some confusion about a couple things in the comments here, and just wanted to address them:

    1) Four more Glad You Asked episodes are available right now to YouTube Premium subscribers. But each of the next four Tuesdays, another Glad You Asked episode will flip from Premium only to FREE! So if you don't have Premium, worry not – subscribe and turn on notifications (?) to catch new episodes as they become available:

    2) Yes, we are an American channel that still uses the antiquated Fahrenheit measure, but at least we made a video about why we cling to it so: But if you were wondering: The average temperature on Mars is -62.8 °C. Human body temperature is 37 °C. Which means… well, please wear a suit.

    Thanks for watching, and see you next Tuesday for why we cry!

  • Reply Steven Baumann October 18, 2019 at 12:25 pm

    I think terraforming would be easier on Venus than Mars.

  • Reply Chris Scovitch October 18, 2019 at 12:26 pm

    I doubt it. Even in your great granddaughter generation……

  • Reply Adam Weaver October 18, 2019 at 12:41 pm

    Didnt china just do a 2 year experiment in a biosphere…

  • Reply Disconnected Roamer October 18, 2019 at 12:48 pm

    We will never reach Mars because we are unable to get outside of the Earths atmosphere. There is no proof that we have done this.

  • Reply Disconnected Roamer October 18, 2019 at 12:54 pm

    So we are supposed to trust the country who lied about going to the moon about going to mars? Lol ok then

  • Reply Dee Dee October 18, 2019 at 1:10 pm

    Better question is, will we survive Earth?

  • Reply Chris Corea October 18, 2019 at 1:40 pm

    Mars! lol they can’t even get to the moon.

  • Reply Farhan Hussein October 18, 2019 at 1:42 pm

    No thanks if all humans go I will stay on earth that God design for all living creatures ,,,,,,I don't mess with mother nature

  • Reply Brian Taylor October 18, 2019 at 1:45 pm

    Not even sure about the earth survival situation, for real. Let’s start small to big on this and focus on surviving 2020. You know—like a “one small step for man” type deal.

  • Reply Exhort& Edify October 18, 2019 at 1:46 pm

    Couldn't get there even if it was real! Not to mention, the firmament will prevent you from going to high to keep you gentiles outta heaven.

  • Reply Ray Medorio October 18, 2019 at 1:49 pm

    Well the truth is she is really beautiful and very nice and hot body!!

  • Reply Craig Holmes October 18, 2019 at 2:02 pm

    How about instead of worrying about Mars, we should worry about earth first….?

  • Reply aaron .m October 18, 2019 at 2:04 pm

    Why premium

  • Reply MRT the Martian October 18, 2019 at 2:15 pm

    What did she mean with 'as if there are martians'??

  • Reply LachupacabraRO October 18, 2019 at 2:16 pm

    Don't look for life people! Look for souls. I find this lady very atractive.

  • Reply The Gaming Scotsman October 18, 2019 at 2:31 pm

    Anyone other than Vox and I'd have listened.

  • Reply Abyssinia Lig October 18, 2019 at 2:41 pm

    I don't think anyone Mars or Moon landing it's happened, it just a group of people's gathering together somewhere, nowhere in th big building writing or drawing something on the Black board doesn't mean that thr som1 up or down. …

  • Reply Daniel Estrada October 18, 2019 at 2:43 pm

    We haven't even been to the moon it's all a big lie do your own research

  • Reply Abyssinia Lig October 18, 2019 at 2:44 pm

    The most of all, this is all about creating something for the middy, and guss what creating the jobs for the many, which Gooooooooood

  • Reply Rengaraj Rajagopal October 18, 2019 at 3:21 pm

    You cannot survive even in the Moon, what to speak of the Mars. You cannot survive elsewhere in the universe other than Earth.

  • Reply Gaige Harris October 18, 2019 at 3:41 pm

    Alright so basically if you teleport to Mars you boil freeze and suffocate at the same time noice

  • Reply Reed Finkleton October 18, 2019 at 3:49 pm

    We need to understand earth better so we can thrive on mars.

  • Reply Bob Dwyer October 18, 2019 at 3:54 pm

    Look up 'operation fishbowl ' we aren't going anywhere.

  • Reply Bruno Malek October 18, 2019 at 3:58 pm

    Why do we have to use fantasy units in a scientific context? Just use the international system.

  • Reply Jovem Kmm October 18, 2019 at 4:07 pm

    Não. Até mais.

  • Reply Yogesh Jain October 18, 2019 at 4:09 pm

    Earth: these humans are cruel, they killed me.
    Mars : thanks for the heads-up mate…

  • Reply silvia fang October 18, 2019 at 4:15 pm


  • Reply René Faure October 18, 2019 at 4:19 pm

    pourquoi essayer de survivre sur mars , alors que sur terre , il y a tout ce qu il faut pour y vivre avec abondance ; tout ceci n est que foutaise et poudre de perlimpimpin ; ?

  • Reply Grant Le Bon October 18, 2019 at 4:27 pm

    I dunno if I could survive Mars, Cleo, but I'd be willing to attempt surviving Uranus.?

  • Reply M- Nice October 18, 2019 at 4:31 pm

    Yeah….. Just stay out of Mars and work on Fixing our planet. We have so many issues.. Forget FN Mars

  • Reply Faiza ABDULLAHI October 18, 2019 at 4:32 pm


  • Reply Kevin Macky October 18, 2019 at 4:37 pm

    Will Canada survive Justin Trudeau?

  • Reply 11/9 11/18 1337 October 18, 2019 at 4:43 pm

    Einfach nur nein

  • Reply Sarkast October 18, 2019 at 5:05 pm

    Yes, yes people presenting the video are beautiful but no Celsius? Absolutely barbaric! 😉

  • Reply Cam Southall October 18, 2019 at 5:35 pm

    We know that they planned this for 2020, now its 2030s? Nice

  • Reply Ronny Biggs October 18, 2019 at 5:45 pm

    Vox: the answer to a question nobody asked.

  • Reply Nick Talbot October 18, 2019 at 5:46 pm

    PS – It’s hard to trust reporters this pretty. They were usually hired over much more qualified reporters/experts. Having lucked into a pretty wife, I see the unfair advantages they receive on a daily basis. But, hey, maybe this woman is a MacArthur Genius.

    As others have said, Mars is a pipe dream especially in terms of becoming a viable life raft for those on earth, which I know is a secret hope for “earthers.” Read The Expanse among others for a deeply imagined idea of what life and politics would be like on a colonized Mars.

  • Reply Rionnation October 18, 2019 at 5:58 pm

    To far to much radiation

  • Reply Jose Cabreja October 18, 2019 at 6:00 pm

    ??? enserio

  • Reply Emo Muzz October 18, 2019 at 6:02 pm

    What is a hu-man?

  • Reply nickniggle October 18, 2019 at 6:06 pm

    Just don’t drink the water! Not a single drop. (Please can someone else get this reference)

  • Reply Manuel Camelo October 18, 2019 at 6:08 pm

    On Mars I would need just your lower body. The whole structure is not fully necessary.

  • Reply seenone October 18, 2019 at 6:12 pm

    ı will survive everywhere with YOU!!

  • Reply Abhay Nair October 18, 2019 at 6:15 pm

    Whom are you kidding? That desert in Utah is still on Planet Earth. The planet that has an atmosphere like no other planet on this solar system. How can you possibly conduct experiments here and determine what may happen in Mars?
    Now a good experiment would be to subject those samples you collected to radiation that Mars experiences along with temperature fluctuations, in a lab, to conclude! Please correct me if I am wrong.

  • Reply Zac Rhodes October 18, 2019 at 6:16 pm

    I own 100 acres on mars, I bought it from a guy named Dwight

  • Reply vishal sapra October 18, 2019 at 6:30 pm

    Somewhere on Mars
    Mox: Will we survive Earth?

  • Reply moto kek October 18, 2019 at 6:30 pm

    two hundred something fahrenheit ..? 100 Celsius !

  • Reply zach grohman October 18, 2019 at 6:38 pm

    We will never be able to make it to Mars and survive

  • Reply Jared French October 18, 2019 at 6:48 pm

    yea yea giovanni blah blah blah. Does the Cindy Crawford look-alike genius coming with?

  • Reply Gunguy October 18, 2019 at 6:55 pm

    Will astronauts survive the passing through the Van Allen belts? No one seems to know if its really possible, but we’ll see i guess.

  • Reply John Car October 18, 2019 at 7:00 pm

    Gee Utah looks like MARS LOL

  • Reply John Doe October 18, 2019 at 7:01 pm

    According to history, Mars was already inhabited – by the same beings that came to Earth and created humans. Perhaps we should look to their writings to get some pointers…

  • Reply 히또미 October 18, 2019 at 7:05 pm

    한국인 계신가요…? ㅠ 나만보나

  • Reply Rob Welch October 18, 2019 at 7:08 pm

    Hello..I guess you have a way of getting passed or through the Van Allen belt I take it..??

  • Reply Mohamed al Yahudi October 18, 2019 at 7:15 pm

    A babe talking about sci-fi is irresistible. I am hooked.

  • Reply Назар Петров October 18, 2019 at 7:16 pm

    Вот такую курицу я кукареку!

  • Reply محمد تريم October 18, 2019 at 7:21 pm

    ilove science thanks for this video I'm Mohammad from United Arab Emirates

  • Reply Jake Covill October 18, 2019 at 7:25 pm

    Think I will have cell service on Mars?

  • Reply doug robertson October 18, 2019 at 7:26 pm

    Wanna play trains and tunnels? Irrigation and canals? Show off

  • Reply Scott Cappleman October 18, 2019 at 7:34 pm

    The actual question is……..will we survive Earth?

  • Reply 2 Seconds Of Thought October 18, 2019 at 7:52 pm

    Some one give her a sandwich!!!!. Also mars will not be a utopia as people think… has no one heard of the conquest of the new world? (America (Continent not country))

    There is no gain without sacrifice nor sacrifice without gain. thus we think there is progress and words like change but the truth there is one Exchange. and that is the laws of physics talking, not me. so instead of trying to go to other planets we should focus on braking the laws of thermos dynamics if we do that then we can bring entire planets to us, and our imagination would truly be the only limit.

  • Reply International Harvester October 18, 2019 at 7:54 pm

    Orsen Welles: "we won't send a Mars rover till our research here is over" ??

  • Reply tony evans October 18, 2019 at 8:27 pm

    Will we survive total b.s..

  • Reply hugh mcnair October 18, 2019 at 8:47 pm


  • Reply emanijeans October 18, 2019 at 9:12 pm

    That’s it a space suit will cure us? How about do a video on that alone. Otherwise this is nonesense.

  • Reply Chris Cruise October 18, 2019 at 9:30 pm

    Will we survive feminism?

  • Reply Be kind man, not mankind. October 18, 2019 at 9:41 pm

    00:37 she walks like a baby calf

  • Reply Bill Scott October 18, 2019 at 9:42 pm

    We're not going to Mars not in the flesh anyway

  • Reply pf001 October 18, 2019 at 9:59 pm

    A space station between earth and Mars would be ideal because astronauts can Retreat to it every so often and astronauts from earth can stock it with food and supplies needed for our guys on Mars

  • Reply Rub Robles October 18, 2019 at 10:04 pm

    Yah right,we can barely survive earth

  • Reply Jonathan Jewel October 18, 2019 at 10:15 pm

    Could we bring animal embryos to mars, grow them artificially fast to feed us

  • Reply Sandra VI October 18, 2019 at 10:20 pm

    I love this video !! Thank you for explanation ⭐️.

  • Reply Yerald Esguivel October 18, 2019 at 10:24 pm

    ?????, ja ja ja… me causa risa porque nadie a podido salir de la tierra por la cúpula de metal transparente.

  • Reply Min3z Mg October 18, 2019 at 10:27 pm

    I can’t believe I clicked on this

  • Reply Wutzi Prack October 18, 2019 at 10:28 pm


  • Reply Wutzi Prack October 18, 2019 at 10:45 pm

    VOX, bedient SOZIALPORNO und sonst nichts…….

  • Reply Lee Phi Knee October 18, 2019 at 10:52 pm

    Has anyone ever tried to breathe in space???

  • Reply Ray caster October 18, 2019 at 10:56 pm

    Robotic exploration only for Mars and other solar system planets. Mars is a dead and deadly planet inhospitable to human life. It's too far, too expensive, too dangerous; it's loaded with radiation, storms and beyond emergency help. There is zero reason other than philosophical to send humans to Mars.
    Now the Moon is a different story. We should go to the Moon to mine helium-3 to be brought back to the Earth to be fused with deuterium in a carbon-free aneutronic nuclear fusion reactor — clean safe energy and environmentally friendly. Earth first. Make the ….

  • Reply Simon Fathers October 18, 2019 at 11:07 pm

    Strange no credits to presenters, filmmakers etc…

  • Reply no name October 18, 2019 at 11:33 pm

    no one will go to mars. nasa said in 2014 "we are working on tech to get past the van ellen belt now" obama said in 2015 "we are working to finally leave low earth orbit" so who do you believe? NASA and obama who said we cant pass low earth orbit yet? or NASA who claims we already did?

  • Reply Adrian Lockley October 18, 2019 at 11:36 pm

    Instead of spending billions on going to an uninhabitable planet, what about spending that on the one were living on!?

  • Reply Trevor L October 18, 2019 at 11:52 pm

    You said nasa plans on putting man on mars in 2030s..I remember when they were saying in 2004 how they planned a mission for 2017.

  • Reply Ricky Bobby Aviation and Fishing October 19, 2019 at 12:31 am

    Never let a women navigate, that is how you get stuck.

  • Reply Vocal Gravy October 19, 2019 at 12:42 am

    This is all well and good for people that are only just becoming familiar with Mars. But it fails to mention the pre existing Earth colony on Mars. Earth based military have a 'secret space force', which is largely not made public. There are already thousands of
    people from Earth living there. You are presenting purely the 'fun, family friendly' NASA style view of reality, why not just investigate the ACTUAL truth. It would be a way more productive use of your time. But it's cool that you obviously invest time and money into the channel. But really, it's old news. You need to catch up and Focus on what's really going on. Don't expect 'Never A Straight Answer' to give you the truth.

  • Reply Aventura October 19, 2019 at 12:48 am

    I have bad news for you…!!! We are not going to mars yet…!!! It will take much longer to plan the trip… is not so close yet!!!
    We can send robots but not humans that have to return…

  • Reply Opal Hunkins October 19, 2019 at 1:03 am

    I never asked ?? idc if we survive or not if u launch a rocket to mars in my life time that would be good enough for me

  • Reply Paul Krdle October 19, 2019 at 1:08 am

    Survive Mars can't even feed the homeless on earth world's a mess

  • Reply Starlord October 19, 2019 at 1:17 am

    There's no reason to go to Mars, it's a waste of money.

  • Reply The Soultion October 19, 2019 at 1:22 am

    Awesome progress…

  • Reply chomar bender October 19, 2019 at 1:25 am

    Will mars survive from us ? It seems earth won’t

  • Reply Tina xu October 19, 2019 at 1:33 am

    I think we could survive the sun the day people watch this video care more for what it is really about outnumber those who keeps nagging about the Fahrenheit thing

  • Reply Faolanator October 19, 2019 at 2:18 am

    Hate to break it to ya cuties but the world will probably end before we make it to mars.

  • Reply FENGHUI JU October 19, 2019 at 2:42 am


  • Reply Rebel October 19, 2019 at 2:48 am

    Garbage, will never happen!

  • Reply Nameless One Wanderland October 19, 2019 at 2:53 am

    Try surviving on Earth with all what's going on. Mars with all its mystery, and vacant plot should make you wonder why is that. The simplest explanation would be that something terribly wrong happened there for the former "ET" to leave it alone. The only viable thing to do there is to send unmanned robots to do in depth exploration of Mars without all the risks of unknown contamination and that hostile alien entity factor when they come back to earth. Talk about living there without knowing any potential dangers that may lurk underneath the surface of Mars is a suicidal proposition. We must know more about Mars and the public has the right to know beforehand before sending any civilians there.

  • Reply Evan Tomiko October 19, 2019 at 3:02 am

    Nothing can grow in Mars. People can't survive.

  • Reply Whomping Walrus October 19, 2019 at 3:21 am

    It's pretty wild what an attractive woman will get me to click on.

  • Reply Art of the POP! October 19, 2019 at 4:02 am

    Maybe give it a go on the moon first, as a trial run. Mars is just a little far for a trial and error mission

  • Reply submissions72 October 19, 2019 at 4:21 am

    I'll survive mars Cleo keeps me company 🙂

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